Essay: Japanese and Chinese history

The society of japan and china have two completely different infrastructures. They have different languages and different beliefs and cultures. But are same in those aspects as well. Because the ideals of earlier rulers shaped the countries into what they are now. Leading towards innovations and change, they got there with great expectations and such from respected officials.

The Sengoku Period was also known as the Warring States period and lasted from 1467, the beginning of the ??nin War until 1568, when Oda Nobunaga entered Ky??to to assert national hegemony. As a result of weakening shogun leadership, local shugodai (deputy military governors) and kokujin (local military proprietors) established military and political control over provinces that had previously been ruled by the great shugo (military governor) houses. The imperial court, the Ashikaga shogun, the shugo based in Ky??to, and temples found themselves powerless against this new group of local rulers, called Sengoku daimyo. These regional warlords waged constant war to defend or enlarge their reach. Then in the late 1560s did Oda Nobunaga succeed in defeating his competitors and emerged as a potential national unifier of Japan.

In the Sengoku period the economy had grown exponentially. Sengoku daimyo worked to enrich his land, worked to build his armies and implemented flood control and land reclamation projects; agriculture was a success as well as the rice harvests, which increased substantially as did the production of raw materials for handicraft industries. The mining industry saw a raise in business, with many new mines opened for the production of gold, silver, copper, and iron, furthering in turn the development of smiths and foundries. The cotton industry also had its beginnings in this period. Before that time all cotton yam and cloth had been imported, but cultivation of cotton started in Mikawa Province around this time, leading to the production of domestic yam and cloth, with cotton cloth becoming the principal fabric of the pre modern period. Along with industrial development, commerce also expanded, too: numerous stores were established in towns and along heavily travelled roads, boat transportation flourished, and the daimyo were able to trade with distant provinces.
In this era Zen priests taught Confucianism, classical Chinese poetry (kanshi), and ink painting and were also influential in the publication of various books. The rengashi taught renga and haikai (humorous or vulgar renga poetry) and the Japanese classics. Under the patronage of the wealthy merchants of Sakai and Ky??to, who were themselves outstanding practitioners, the traditional arts, chanoyu (Tea ceremony), and various types of music flourished. Books aimed at the general public, like otogi-zoshi (collections of moralistic stories) and the kanginshu (a collection of popular songs), were published. The sets??yosh?? a dictionary for everyday use compiled by Zen priests was also published. Francis Xavier introduced Christianity to Japan in 1549. He and his fellow missionaries also brought with them European, or namban (southern barbarian), culture.
The Edo period took a turn, seeing as before then japan was being ruled by samurai’s (military leaders) but even still the economy was unstable wars and power shifts were frequent especially during the late 15th through early 16th century, commonly know as the warring period. In this time Ieyasu Tokugawa unified the country after the devastating battle of sekigahara in the 1600 (which is located between Nagoya and Kyoto). In 1615 there were attacks in the Osaka castle many perished and among the many were the Toyotomi family (Toyotomi Hideyoshi was the ruler of japan before the Edo era). In his time of reign Ieyasu established a new government, an absolute government and became the first shogun of the Edo Bakufu in 1603. Ieyasu transformed Edo from a sleepy desolate place into an aggressive political city with land reclamation, new canals and a clean water supply system. The Tokugawa family ruled the country in the next 264 years (15 shoguns in all). Ieyasu Tokugawa was deified and worshiped in the Nikko Toshogu Shrine (even today).
The Showa period preceded the Taisho period (1912-26) and was ruled by Hirohito or emperor Showa, as he liked to be called by his subjects. The Sh??wa period was the longest reigning era in any of any era before it. During the pre-1945 period, Japan moved towards political totalitarianism, ultra-nationalism and fascism, culminating in Japan’s invasion of China in 1937. This was part because of world wide social anarchy such as the Great Depression and the Second World War. Defeat in the Second World War brought drastic change to Japan. For the first and only time in its history, Japan was occupied by foreign powers. This occupation by the Allied Forces (the US, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and China) lasted seven years. Allied occupation brought forth sweeping democratic reforms. It led to the end of the emperor’s status as a living god and the transformation of Japan into a democracy with a constitutional monarch. In 1952, with the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan became a sovereign nation once more. The post-war Sh??wa period also led to the Japanese economic miracle. In these ways, the pre-1945 and post-war periods regard completely different states: the pre-1945 Sh??wa period (1926-1945) concerns the Empire of Japan, while post-1945 Sh??wa period (1945-1989) was a part of the State of Japan.

The Japanese society makes major contributions to the world because they make many things consumers buy day to day, such as electronics. There are different variations of Japanese electronics are what every almost every human in the world owns which are cell phones, with big name companies such as Sony and Panasonic. As well as entertainment usage japan has made things for the benefit for all of mankind with the Hitachi MRI oasis that brings new technology to the world of science and health.

Ancient japan or commonly know as the Jomon period which lasted from 10,000 B.C.-400 B.C. The Jomon period is typically divided into six different eras; the Incipient, Initial, Early, Middle, Late, and Final periods. The division of these eras is largely based on changes in pottery types.

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