This essay intends to examine the type of leadership styles being adopted in my own organisation and how effective it works within organisation. Leadership focuses on vision, mission inspiration and motivation of people to greater levels of accomplishment (Deventer and Kruger, 2005). The strength of leadership is determined by the appeal of the followers to continuously raise the bar of performance.
What is Leadership?
Leadership is the process by which individual influence, carry along, encourage and support others to contribute for the effectiveness and success of the organisations of which they are belong to. In Dwight D. E., defined, ‘leadership as the art of getting someone else to do something you want to be done because he wants to do it’.
Many years back, numbers of scholars and leadership theorists have propounded numbers of theories, ideas and views of which most of them are centred on the exertion of influence by a person on others to make them do something or achieve a goal. According to Yukl (1994:14) defined leadership as ‘the ability of one person to influence a group of persons toward the achievement of common goals’. This indicate that the leader have the ability to inspire his followers and get them to know his vision and his willingness to do something because the followers actually want to do it.
What is Management?
Management is the process of directing and controlling a group of one or more people or entities for the purpose of coordinating and harmonising that group towards organisational goal. According to Joubert (as quoted by Mthembu, 2007: 10) ‘management is a specific type of work that is goal-oriented and consists of a process that involves people. This process consists of the managerial tasks of planning, organising, leading and controlling.’
Management can best be described as interdependent management functions of planning, organising, controlling, leading in order to ensure that organisational practices are being executed efficiently within the organisation.
Through effective management and effective value driven in service industry, the organisational goals of my work place have greater effect. There are four components of management tasks in my organisation that are regarded as functions of management. They are;
Planning: Firstly, management functions that work in my organisation, is that every employees should perform in order for other management tasks to be executed efficiently. In Ramparsad (2004:32) stated that, ‘planning is the function of thinking ahead and deciding on a course of action. Planning is about determining in advance what should be accomplished and how it should be realised.’
Organising: Secondly, management function is what we described as the process in human and physical resources which the activities are well arranged and grouped into manageable components and assigned to employees, such as duties, responsibilities and authority, which are allocated to different employees in different units of the organisation.
Leading: Thirdly, management functions in my organisation goes beyond managing task rather involves communicating, inspiring, motivating and encouraging employees towards hard work to succeed, and accomplish the tasks, which my organisation takes seriously as a tool of leadership style.
Controlling: Finally, the forth management task in my organisation is controlling of work performance measurement, looking at the end results and seeing if it matches the objectives. This means that any tasks which has been duly executed, manager will evaluates the result and ensure that their set goal is met.
In my organisation, there are relationship between management term and the term leadership. In my organisation, the two terms are interrelated, meaning that leaders can be managers while managers can be leaders but my perception with these concepts of leadership and management share striking similarities and these similarities sometimes can be confusing about their positions. More so, the leadership and management can be compared in broader perspectives and define with different meanings.
There are differences in leadership and management and these will be discussed under each sub-heading. It involves inspiring and supporting others towards the achievement of a vision for the organisation which is based on clear personal and professional values. Management is the implementation of organisational policies and the efficient and effective maintenance of the organisation’s current activities.
The different between the leadership and management are;
Subordinates and followers control: This means that the leaders in my organisation use their charismatic skills to motivate employees in whom the employees sacrifice their time and energy at work. The manager in my organisation gives instructions to the subordinates what to do because they are being paid.
Point of view towards risk and chances: Most leaders in my organisation exposed to more risk than the managers and do contemplate that others avoid possible chances and more so, those leaders are daring to face obstacles along the way to reach their vision.
Roles and responsibility: The manager’s role and responsibility is very crucial while leader has very different commitment in my organisation. That is, leaders undertake positive changes in the organisation by way of setting out new vision of achieving productivity level while the roles of managers fit into the changes in my organisation.
Results: This means that a leader set a new vision for the organisation to follow and the leader spearhead the new direction and management controls or directs people or resources according to the values that have already been established.
In my conclusion, I will suggest that as leadership and management are important in my organisation also important in every other organisation. Leadership and management have different meanings and their importance but the leader is the one who excels. The manager uses a formal, rational method whilst the leader uses passion and stirs emotions (Howatt, 2008). Managers should always note that effective planning leads to tasks and activities that are being performed efficiently and those objectives should be developed with the purpose of achieving organisational goals.