“Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes”{1} It is a parasitic infectious disease due to a parasite called Plasmodium organism, transmitted by mosquitoes .The name of disease comes from Italian word mal’aria, meaning “bad air.”{2} This parasite within the red blood cells in the human body and destroy it. The new malaria parasites are then released back into the bloodstream when they infect red blood cells and again begin to multiply.{3} Some malaria parasites, however, stay in the liver and are not released until later; resulting in recurrence. And are associated with a group of the most important symptoms of fever, anemia, and enlarged spleen.{1} It has been a discovery of the parasite cause malaria on November 6, 1880{1}. This disease is spreading in third world countries and is transmitted to children through more than one way. The most important mosquito which is often after heavy rains, especially in areas where there is no drainage healthy for rainwater and sewage.

There are about 20 different genera of Anopheles species that are important at the local level all over the world. It is worth mentioning that all the important races carrying the disease bites during the night. And multiply those races in the water and each has a favorite place for breeding; malaria epidemics can occur when helping climatic conditions and other circumstances, suddenly, the validity of the infection in areas where people did not have little immunity to the disease, or they do not have immunity to it at all.{4}{6} As such epidemics can occur when people move from low immune to areas where the disease intensifies into force and to look for work, or for the purposes of asylum, such as HIV and represent one of the other important factors that affect the validity of malaria, especially among adults in areas where the disease into force moderately or intensely. And formed a partial immunity as a result of exposure to the disease for years, however it does not offer full protection against the disease, it contributes to the reduction of the infection to the development of severe illness. Therefore, the most malaria deaths recorded in Africa occur among young children, while noting displays all age groups at risk in areas where at least the entry into force of the disease and reduced the proportion of HIV.

“Malaria is acute febrile diseases”.{5} Show symptoms, in people who have no immunity against it, after seven or more days (10 days to 15 days in most cases) of exposure to pregnant mosquitoes bite him. Symptoms may be fever; a headache, vomiting and shivering light may be difficult to be attributed to malaria.{6} And it can develop falciparum malaria, if not treated within 24 hours, to severe illness leading to death in many cases.{6} usually seen in adults also multiple members of their bodies exposed. , Partial immunity against the disease may seem in some people in areas where malaria is endemic, which explains the occurrence of asymptomatic cases. It can occur, in patients with active malaria and malaria oval both clinical relapses after weeks or months of exposure to the first infection, even if the patient had left the area where the disease is valid. Its occur of those new episodes due to parasites “dormant” in the liver (Not found in Plasmodium falciparum and malariae Malaria).{7}{8}It must be provided Special treatment for those stages to make sure full recovery. Malaria is a disease that can be prevented and treated. The first goal of treatment is to make sure rapid and complete elimination of the parasite “perceived” in the patient’s blood to prevent malaria uncomplicated progress to severe illness or death, and the prevention of chronic infections that lead to anemia caused by malaria poverty.{9} From a public health perspective, the treatment aims to cut the transmission of infection to others, by reducing the reservoir of infection and prevent the emergence of resistance to malaria drugs and spread.

It should be for patients suspected of having malaria to undergo diagnostic which confirms the presence of the parasite before abuse treatment, using microscopic methods or rapid test for the diagnosis of malaria. {10} It should not be submitted by clinical grounds only in the event of non-availability of diagnostic test treatment on the spot and within two hours of the presence of the patient for treatment. Treatment is rapid – within 24 hours of the start of fever – using antimalarial drug effective and safe, is necessary to avoid life-threatening complications.

All in all, Malaria it’s a very common disease in Africa and its affect a lot of people there. Malaria stills a universal problem. There are almost 20 different genera of Anopheles species that are essential in our world. Malaria can affect the children more than the adult, because they don’t have the ability to get rid of swamps that comes from rain. Some people who do not have immunity against malaria. They must provide the dieses to make sure full recovery. People who are suspected malaria must Isolated and diagnosed and treated immediately to prevent the spread of the disease especially among children.












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