Essay: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is based on the theory that by changing by habitual and behaviors, one can be able to control and improve the symptoms of the condition. Cognitive-behavior therapy has been shown in several numerous studies to be the treatment of choice for anxiety disorders. It is particularly effective when it comes to persons that have panic attacks. This paper is going discuss the role of cognitive behavior therapy and panic attacks. There were 205 participants in the study; 100 were male, and 105 were female. The experiment will use the Quasi-experimental method to try and understand the role that exists between panic attacks and the cognitive behavioral therapy.
All the participants were college students, and there was an advertisement regarding the experiment and the persons that were interested in the experiment applied. There were medical procedures to determine that indeed the participants had suffered panic attacks in the last month. There was the enrollment of 205 (two hundred and five participants) in the study. There were 105 male and 100 female participants in the study. This represented 55% to 50% participants in the study. There were 60 Caucasians, 70 Black Americans, 70 Asians and 5 Hawaiians. When it comes to the treatment of anxiety disorders, research shows that therapy is usually the most effective option. 150 of the participants had experienced panic attacks in the last one month prior to the experiment. The other 55 participants were a control group. There was the use of cognitive behavior therapy for all the participants. The participants were between the age of 18-29 years. The average age for the group was 24 years.
Research Design
In this research, there is the adoption of the questionnaire as the type of research design for the study. This will give information regarding the panic attacks and whether indeed the cognitive behavior therapy works. It is imperative to note that the argument for better construction validity is often based on the fact that the questionnaires represent a more theoretical concept and the security of the internal validity of the different of casual inferences as well as the interpretations of the questionnaires.
Materials and Data Collection Instruments
There was the use of questionnaires, and this was, in fact, the most important tool in the research. There was the use of close-ended questionnaire and open ended questionnaire in the research. The questions and statements that existed in the questionnaire tried to answer the role that cognitive behavior therapy played when it came to panic attacks. The items that existed on the questionnaire had options, and the respondents had options that were best suited to the extent in which they agreed with the statements. Yes, mean that Agree and No meant that the participant disagreed.
It is important to understand that for the purpose of this study, the primary and secondary data collection method was employed. By using primary data, there was the collection of questionnaire information, and it was used to interpret the information. A primary source of data involved first-hand information from the study population and this was done through the use of structured questionnaires. The secondary sources were primarily the works of other authors and researchers in forms of books, articles from journals as well as newspapers. In addition, it is important to understand that there was the use of electronic information from the internet.
CBT can be described as a brief treatment, and it occurs between 10 and 20 structured sessions, and with clear objectives to be achieved. The CBT aimed at the correcting catastrophic interpretations as well as different conditioned fears of body sensations as well as avoidances. The CBT can be said to be practical, and task-based as well as the patient’s therapist’s role being active. There was the introduction of CBT at the first stage of treatment. This includes the primary prevention to interventions to an individual refractory to other treatments. There was the use of several medications, and they included psycho education and anxiety coping techniques. This includes the muscle relaxation and the abdominal or even when it comes to diaphragmatic breathing.
There were different stages, and it is important to note that according to cognitive-behavioral models, panic attacks often arise from distorted, as well as catastrophic interpretations of the bodily symptoms. The third section included psycho education, and it includes the rapid cascade of anxiety and panic into different component elements, and it provided the rationale treatment interventions to follow. The Fourth stage included anxiety coping techniques.
The participants were taught how they can be able to have improper breathing patterns that often lead to hyperventilation as well as physiological symptoms resulting from the significant increase when it comes to blood oxygenation. Lastly, there was exposure techniques that were given to the participants in their last stage. From this point on, they were then given the questionnaires to fill in order to show their experience and how they felt in regards to the role of cognitive behavioral therapy.
The execution of CBT is in six phases, which elevate its significance as a vital tool in healing stress and disorders among those that have panic disorders. They include; assessment, re-conceptualization, acquisition of skills, consolidation of skills, generalization and post treatment. The first phase is perhaps the most important aspect in assisting those with panic attacks to cope with stress inducers. The assessment process may take different forms, both of which work towards improving the condition of a patient. The first approach may focus on developing a behavioral approach where the patient can conduct a self-assessment of their behavior. Based on the self-assessment, the panic attacks participants can easily isolate the maladaptive thinking, and respond to behavioral modification patterns. The therapists assist the adolescents through the self-assessment process.
This is what makes CBT vital processes that can act reduce stress. Rather than making the entire process a dialog that is monopolized by the therapist, the participants have a chance of carrying a self-assessment. This approach makes CBT differ from other therapy approaches. The very inception of offering the participants with the control over their condition makes them feel in control. This is, especially important since the participants that have panic attacks suffer from stress or depression disorders have the common characteristic of lacking self-esteem. The self-assessment process empowers the participants to take control over their current condition with an aim of developing measures that can lead to an elimination of stress inducers.
Cognitive behavioral therapy employs explicit and goal-oriented behavioral patterns in addressing maladaptive and cognitive issues that tend to cause relapses. Cognitive behavioral therapy is well thought and carefully deliberated, within a short period, and aims at ensuring that the participants can be able to shun negativity. It offers a combination of behavioral and therapeutic approach in reducing major depressive disorders among the college population.CBT focuses on changing the thinking pattern among the panic attacks so that they can control stressors. CBT application among the participants can be said to be short-lived with pace of application moderated by the therapists.
CBT psychotherapeutic approach is evidence-based, which makes it reliable. The applicability of CBT in USA alone records an all-time high in dealing with cases of stress disorders among those with panic attacks. The mere prosperity in the applicability of CBT makes sit worthy for combating stress among those with Panic attacks. CBT also offers an open-end diagnosis process. It does not pose an ultimatum to the person with the panic attack. Instead, the process relies on the panic attack to execute the healing process without interference from the external environment.
It is important to understand that the ultimate healing process is dependent on the panic attack patient. This offers permanent results rather than offering ultimatum based psychotherapy approach to patients. The therapists only serve to make the patient realize that each problem emanates from the mind. As such, they empower the patient to control the mind, which leads to controlling stress and disorder. In essence, CBT does not only empower the patient, but also assist the patient in the future to deal with stress and disorder patterns on its own. It appears as a therapy that is self-incapacitating and seeks to prevent future effects of stress in the patient.

Source: Essay UK -

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