Essay: Social Stratification and marginalisation

Stratification are like formally ranked groups that regard the economic production that affects the social prizes to people who have a position in those particular groups
Money bestowed or gained: this usually is the most known base of stratification, class or gender.
According to Murphy (2001), social stratification is the dissimilarity between people and groups within the human society. Social stratification it refers to the distinguishing feature that is created within the possession of assets of owned land, class, gender, age of worthy standard and an affiliation with faith.
There are four important principles of stratification these include:
‘ It can be a defining feature of society
‘ It can be universal yet unknown
‘ It can keep on going throughout the centuries
‘ It doesn’t just only include inequalities but also beliefs (Murphy, 2015)
According to book that Giddens wrote in 2009, stratification changes shape regularly it usually has definite basis, there are four of these basis and they are: slavery, caste, estate and class. Slavery, estate and the caste system have definitely stood the test of time and still survived in places in India; this is the same with estate and the caste system. The social class is completely different to other kinds of stratification systems, this is also the same system used in the Irish Society.
Marginalisation has around the same effects on society yet it’s different. It’s different because though stratification is referring to different classes, e.g. the estate, caste and slavery system, marginalisation is as if a person was left out of society, pushed out, treated like they are different. This in turn causes a person to feel abandoned, alone in a way. For example, in the Ireland many people fear Travellers (Antiziganism) and hate them. If a Traveller/Gypsy lived in an antiziganistic neighbourhood, it is likely for the Traveller to feel marginalised as the neighbour would discriminate, insult and might even assault the Traveller
Social Class
In a recent study, it’s been found that the social class of a parent can have a strong effect on how their child performs at school (Jennifer Shepherd, 2010). This study was carried on 11,000 seven year old kids and the result presented that children with parents who had professional and administrative jobs were usually 8 months ahead from kids who had unemployed parents and were brought up in socially deprived homes (Jennifer Shepherd, 2010). This study shows that social class is definite determinant in the childhood of many individuals’ chances in society whilst discussing education. Also if an individual has more professional and administrative job whilst being in a high class they would have a higher financial gain and therefore would have surplus which they can use to give their children more learning experiences.
Social class can have a very high impact on your chances of getting a worthwhile job because a person who has a fairly low social status would most likely imagine themselves as being unable to gain a suitable job as they think of themselves as ‘people with small social-networks’ (Ned Smith)
What isn’t surprising is that people who think of themselves of higher class tend to believe that they can get any job they want but in reality they don’t. But this isn’t a necessarily a bad thing as them thinking positively and going forward for job they want heightens their chance of getting said job. If one thinks negatively they won’t be able to go through their wish could end up staying in unemployment. Even while being job social class still affects your job as people with higher class jobs have more flexibility but those who are lower class or blue-collar workers are more at risk of health hazards.( Bowles & Gintis, 1988 pg 18) ‘Employment??: Good education opens doors to good money making opportunities and it one’s children a better life. If one has good education the person would be able to get good or well paid job or employment and money but if one is born into a good social class then the person would be able to a very good job because the more the money the more the power and connection’
Social Class when it comes to healthcare it become a fairly interesting subject. Lower class citizens tend to experience high levels of stress (Shey Smith, 2008).Passive smoking is regular to lower class citizen and due to a fear of death, crime or violence infrequent exercise a noticeable difference between the higher class and the lower class.(Shey Smith, 2008). The diet of lower class citizens usually consists of cheap, unhealthy foods as they are can’t afford to buy a lot of healthy foods. This can cause a lack of valuable nutrients and creates a danger to their health.
All together, Social class is demining thing that should be demolished in daily life it discriminates, hurts and kills people. Revolutions have been created due to it, for example there was the bourgeoisie who successfully abolished the estate system in France, or Gandhi and Nelson Mandela fighting against the Caste system. General life for lower class citizens consists of hate, no respect and having no control over their life. In the end, no matter how much you want to abolish classism, you cannot.
Traveller and Disabilities
Ireland has been hesitant to remove individual and institutional segregation towards individuals with disabilities. Discrimination has also been around for a fairly long time. Discrimination happens when one individual or a gathering of persons are dealt with less positively than others due to their sex, conjugal status, family status, age, incapacity, race, skin colour or ethnic gathering, sexual orientation, religious belief, and the inclusion of the Traveller group. (Russell et al. 2008). While prejustice is the point at which somebody is judged in view of one’s look, race, sexual orientation, religion before knowing really the sort of individual one is. Disabled individuals try battle against prejudice and discrimination on the grounds that occasionally places are not being prepared for the incapacitated individual needs (responsible citizen, 26/04/2015) Disabled individuals fight with individuals not understanding their incapacity and that the world is loaded with diverse individuals. Impaired individuals need to battle at times with individuals demonstrating type of compassion which masked as concern however can frequently be as preferential as altogether separation (responsible citizen, 26/04/2014). According to Stephen, (2015), a disability does not necessarily make a disabled person unable to do many tasks. But somehow people grown up with the notion in their head that since disabled people are disabled they can’t live independently when to be honest the people themselves don’t fully understand the facts. If people understood this process of discrimination and disablement then a bond can be formed between the disabled and abled-people and with this bond co-operation can be established. Disabled people believe in a movement they have created, they believe the cure to help everyone with a disability is to restructure society. Though this isn’t a medical based cure which helps individuals only this something anyone can do no matter what age.
Individuals with incapacities are working inside a disabling cultural, social, financial and physical environment. This is because of the pessimistic social state of mind which hinders the mix of individuals with inabilities into the Irish society. They have distinctive needs based upon diverse levels and sorts of disability. The contrary mentality is because of social dismissal and upkeep of social separation towards individuals with incapacities. There is an adverse demeanour bringing about segregation in the working environment which keeps on being a noteworthy issue for individuals with incapacities. They are criticized and marked and individuals make cruel judgements about them in light of confusions. This reasons stretch, nervousness and further bringing about decreased acceptance, discrimination, rejection and social avoidance to pursue livelihood or access to administrations. It can bring about a bringing down of respect toward oneself and practicality toward oneself (Nolan et al, 2006).
“Individuals with disabilities can endure discrimination in various places including work, training, lodging and transport and other social administrations. For eras in Ireland, the prospect that has been most inserted in our way of life where handicap is concerned is that it’s a philanthropy issue. The 2006 NDA Survey of Attitudes to Disability in Ireland recommends that mentality to handicap are enhancing in Ireland. At the point when an individual is handicaps and have boundaries to succeed, living common day by day life can be troublesome and sufficiently testing. The disposition of society towards inability focuses the degree to which the individual, social, instructive and mental needs of persons with handicaps will be figured it out.” (Birch, 1975)
Marginalisation of travellers is rather disturbing; it’s harder for the average traveller to get a job. In a recent study it was found that people with Roma and Traveller background had a 60% percent chance of being marginalised and discriminated. In an incident which happened in 2004, a farmer shot a traveller and killed him but was only put in jail for six years. Here’s an excerpt of the original document (
{Before passing sentence today at the Central Criminal Court Mr Justice Paul Carney said it was the “most difficult sentencing matter he had to dealt with in 14 years in this court”. Mr Padraic Nally (aged 61), of Funshinagh, Cross, Mayo, had pleaded not guilty to the murder of John Ward (aged 42). Last July, a jury found Mr Nally not guilty of murder but guilty of manslaughter at the Central Criminal Court sitting in Castlebar, Co. Mayo. Judge Carney said this was “undoubtedly the most socially divisive case he had to try and the most difficult case he had to sentence”. Before sentencing, the deceased man’s widow, Mrs Marie Ward said that ‘she was almost lost without her husband” and that she would “never be the same” without him. She said it was getting “worse day by day” to try and raise 11 children without a husband. Mrs Ward said her 4-year-old asks “Where’s his daddy?” and “When is he coming back?” to which she asked the court “What can she say’? Mrs Ward said her two eldest sons had “cut their arms” and one of them is on a psychiatric ward. She added that she is suffering from depression and is receiving medication}
As shown Mr. Nally gave no regard to the family because they were Travellers, this incident is just one of many Travellers are constantly being pushed us of society or are being treated as if they something other than human.
‘Travellers in Ireland do experience health inequalities as a result of the discrimination and social exclusion they experience. According to Burke, (2009), Travellers have a higher birth rate and a shorter life expectancy than the general population. The mortality rates are higher among Travellers than among the general population. Mortality rates among Traveller males are 3.7 times higher than the general male population and among Traveller women mortality rates are 3 times higher. Traveller infant mortality rates are 3.6 times higher than of the general population’ ((DOHC, 2010).

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