China's economic development can be seen to have passed through the East Asia model of development but to a certain extent China did not use the East Asia model. This being seen the way that China's reforms of 1970.
Usenov Marat, Comparative Regional Economy
Competitiveness on a foreign market was an economic policy main objective in three countries. Successful development of the countries and deficiency of natural resources, that competitiveness should be reached in manufacturing industry sector.
In all three countries, it "the Choice of winners", and is even better "to make winners" a used arsenal of a measure on stimulation of investments in the country and to raise competitiveness abroad.
Investments into a fixed capital which was high level in three countries, directly it was stimulated with the state. (Especially, on Taiwan and in Korea) which crowds in "the private capital of sector have helped".
In Japan and Korea (though in some degrees and on Taiwan), were rigid restrictions on straight lines foreign investments (ПИИ), the domestic companies directed on protection against absorption.
Competitiveness numerous thin, or not so thin, forms protectionism in relation to foreign manufacturers strongly promoted. Their number concern the simple policy of replacement of import, direct or indirect export grants, preferential a distribution foreign currency, and, at times, the exchange rate is underestimated.
It is obvious at macroeconomic level rates of growth of gross national product were very similar. The same as it is represented, were concerns the general growth of productivity of factors of manufacture, at least to Japan and China interested.
Similarity in success and to leave at external level.
The further similarity, probably, is covered in widespread belief in all four countries that competitive market conditions have crucial importance for fast economic growth.
As well as in JTK, the Chinese government spends the circumspect nalogovo-budgetary policy (the Witness actual absence of a public debt), and have reached modest proficiency of the budget during the period as a whole. Measurement a monetary and credit policy, as well as in JTK, difficultly considering, that interest rates, as a rule, is under the control.
Nevertheless, not all in China work on the lines similar JTK.
The interesting difference arises in the field of distribution of incomes. All four countries,
Partly thanks to early agricultural reforms, have begun their high years of growth at rather equal distribution structures (actually in China, they were very equal on international the standards). It is interesting, that though these models were widely is supported in JTK, they have broken in China. The countries which are declared still about socialist by the status, under presidency for exclusively fast opening of differentiation of incomes probably, even faster, than one, that has occurred in Russia after disintegration of Soviet Union. Now China can be a society which is are less equal, than from the Organization of the Incorporated States. It is, of course, true, that fast growth has lifted the big percent of the population to get out of poverty, and successes also then do not differ have been registered in JTK, without it leads drama rupture opening in levels of the income which was as the proof in China.
Despite the efforts undertaken now to try to soften some more extreme city both agricultural population and regional distinctions in distribution of incomes which have arisen, especially within last decade, it is improbable, that China can reach. Anything similar in incomes, which were (and to some extent till now) it is extended in JTK.
Competitiveness and the industrial policy. Competitiveness had for the Chinese Power the same as it happens with JTK, and indirectly testifies the beginning of creation (in 1979 when the country was still almost автаркии) special economic the Zones devoted to exclusively export production.
China, joint-stock company of industrial planning, apparently, have played much less
Five years' plans were regularly are published (partially in words communistic ideologies), listing to sectors and activity kinds have chosen for advancement, but it, as a matter of fact, to read, how want lists almost all. In 1980, for example, Äúthe the Chinese state tried to prevent too many branches промышлен ости
China, joint-stock company of external competitiveness promoted not so much orientation
Concrete sectors or firms, but much less planned system, depends on two cores to subjects whom will find some equivalents in Japan and Korea, at least:
Direct foreign investments have made 0,2 percent from total amount of investments into a fixed capital, to Taiwan (1960-85) and in Korea (1965-90) corresponding indicators have made 2,4 and 1,6 percent accordingly while in China (1980-2005) this indicator was above, than 7,0 percent.
Competitiveness, thus, as is represented, gradually leave spontaneous market forces, than in JTK
China, similar, have developed more purposeful approach to the industrial policy, paying priority attention some sectors (or "Pillars"), such as cars, the petrochemical industry, telecommunications, high technologies etc.
[Перкинс, 2001; Нотон, 2007]. In the field of electronics, in particular, the authorities have made
All possible to receive a technological transfer from the foreign enterprises, in exchange for access on the market, as for creation of joint ventures the first and national "champions"
The third basic distinction between ways of development of China and JTK.
Considering, that export successes have come from foreign and small enterprises,
Though in Japan and Korea, in particular, target the heavy industry also were possibility of gradual transition from the initial complete set of export that was or the easy industry - or natural resources, intensive, China has gone almost in the opposite direction, departs with the heavy industry which were distinctive line of its industrialisation of centralised planning of years and to light industry.
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